New for 2022: New year brings 55 new laws to Nevada

The Legislative Assembly on Saturday, May 22, 2021. Photo: David Calvert / The Nevada Independent


A total of 55 new laws came into effect on Jan. 1, including the next step in Nevada’s attempt to create a Medicaid-style public health insurance option for all residents.

Major changes to state election laws and women’s health issues, among others, have also
highlight the list of 55 laws.

Assembly Bill 118 requires rear-facing car seats and booster seats. The law states that children must stay rear-facing in their car seat until they are at least 2 years old.

In addition, children must ride in a booster seat or car seat with a harness until they are at least 6 years old or 57 inches tall.


Nevada law previously required that child passengers under the age of 6 weighing 60 pounds or less be secured in a child restraint system. The new law changes this requirement with the new specification of height, rather than weight.

Senate Bill 420 is designed to advance 2019 legislation ordering a feasibility study of creating a “public option” that would provide all Nevadans with health insurance at least comparable to Medicaid through Silver State Health. Existing Insurance Exchange.

Insurance coverage could be purchased directly by individuals and by small employers.


SB420 instructs the head of health and social services, the head of the trade and insurance commissioner to design and establish the “public option” plan. The 2023 legislature will need to deal with the thorny details of the plan, including how to pay for it.


Several election laws are on the new list for 2022, including AB126, recreating the presidential preference primary for major Nevada parties. The primary was eliminated two decades ago in favor of party caucuses favored by the party leadership. Base members have since complained that they don’t have as much say in the outcome of these caucuses.


AB321 makes postal ballots mandatory for all active voters and changes deadlines for early voting, primary elections, general elections, and ballot processing procedures. This measure is joined by SB292, which changes the way vacancies for federal and state legislative positions are handled.


Current law, for example, allows the governor to appoint a replacement US senator. The bill requires that the appointment be from the same party as the former senator. In legislative elections, the candidate would be nominated in a special primary election.


For state legislators, SB292 gives more power to existing legislative leaders, requiring that the replacement come from a slate of candidates prepared by the minority or majority leader of the Assembly or Senate in which the Vacancy. County councils would always make the final choice.


AB166 extends the reporting requirements for individuals, political action committees and parties that spend more than $ 100 for or against a candidate by including the reporting of expenses by SMS. It would also require these organizations to identify the source of the funds spent.


A smaller issue that has won bipartisan support is AB121, allowing voters with disabilities to vote by mail using the electronic system currently available to members of the military and Nevadans traveling overseas.


Some measures concern suicides, in particular among young people. AB181 requires better reporting by health officials of suicide attempts or suicide threats. It also prohibits insurance companies from charging fewer benefits or charging more than they do for medical and surgical coverage.


SB390 is more ambitious, creating a suicide prevention and mental health crisis helpline that people in crisis can access by dialing 9-8-8. Calls would be handled by a help desk to coordinate a response. It encourages the establishment of mobile crisis teams.


The operation would be remunerated by a surcharge on the monthly mobile and fixed telephone charges. Additional funding would come from a fund intended to hold the proceeds of state litigation relating to the manufacture, distribution, marketing and sale of opioids.


Measures to expand coverage for women’s health issues include increasing AB196 requirements to provide breastfeeding mothers with a private space to breastfeed their babies in all Nevada courthouses.


SB190 would allow licensed pharmacists to prescribe hormonal contraceptives – the pill – without a prescription. SB251 would require health insurance policies to cover assessments of women’s susceptibility to breast, ovarian, tubal and related cancers. He would provide them with counseling services if indicated by the assessments and genetic testing if necessary.


SB237 adds LGBTQ people and their businesses to the list of people entitled to receive detailed information and access programs to obtain funding, loans to expand and access to contracts from public entities, including cannabis licenses.


AB42 codifies into law the right of an accused in a domestic battery case to have a jury trial. The Nevada Supreme Court made this decision because a conviction prohibits the accused from owning, possessing or controlling a firearm, a right guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the Constitution. The court ruled unconstitutional the removal of these rights without a jury trial.


SB254 prohibits a college or the National Collegiate Athletics Association from preventing student-athletes from being compensated for the use of their name, image or image
esse. It allows student-athletes to enter into contracts with organizations other than their school or the NCAA.

AB286 aims to eliminate the manufacture, possession or sale of “ghost guns” and the parts that can be purchased online to make unlicensed weapons. It prohibits unfinished frames and receivers without a serial number, and prohibits the possession or transfer of such weapons without a federal serial number. This law is already being challenged in the courts.


AB146 establishes that Nevadans have the right to safe drinking water. It directs the state’s Environmental Commission to develop policies to control and mitigate water pollution in groundwater sources, including controlling contaminants. Licensees would be required to report any spills. In addition, the commission should consider any impact on underserved communities when adopting water quality and effluent limits.


AB304 expands annual training for peace officers on mental health issues to include crisis intervention and de-escalation. Likewise, SB108 requires periodic training for those involved with minors in the juvenile justice system, including implicit bias. It authenticates
orders the Supreme Court to adopt rules for the training of judges and employees of the juvenile justice system.

AB358 orders that incarcerated people not be fired from Medicaid but suspended pending release from prison. It allows incarcerated people to apply for Medicaid six months before their release and orders suspended inmates to be reinstated upon release.


Finally, AB349 tightens the rules for obtaining one of the many “Old Timer” license plates available from the state. Officials say many of these owners get the plates just to avoid passing smog tests on their vehicles. The bill limits the use of these vehicles to 5,000 miles per year.


Go
here for a list of each new law and complete breakdowns.

About Hubert Lee

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